"The Volturous And The Virtuous"

Caitanya Caritamrta Adi 7.1
Atlanta, March 1, 1975


His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada<br>Founder-Acharya of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness
 


Nitai: "Let me first offer my respectful obeisances unto Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu, who is the ultimate goal of life for one bereft of all possessions in this material world and is the only meaning for one advancing in spiritual life. Thus let me write about His magnanimous contribution of devotional service in love of God."

Prabhupada:

agaty-eka-gatim natva
hinarthadhika-sadhakam
sri-caitanyam likhyate 'sya
prema-bhakti-vadanyata
 [Cc. Adi 7.1]

So Krsna dasa Kaviraja Gosvami is writing Caitanya-caritamrta. In each chapter he composes a new verse offering his obeisances to the Lord. So in this Seventh Chapter of Adi-lila he also offers his respect. He began his writing of Caitanya-caritamrta when he was as old as ninety years old in Vrndavana by the order of the Vaisnavas and confirmed by Sri Madana-mohana. So this is the process. One should not be writing in spiritual subject matter without being authorized by some superior authority. It is not ordinary writing. The writing on spiritual subject matter is authoritative. By the order of superior authority, one can write. It is not speculation. Therefore he said that sri-caitanyam likhyate asya: "By the order of superior authority, I am trying to describe Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu." And what is Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu? Prema-bhakti-vadanyata. Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu is preaching prema, means love of Godhead. That is the only necessity to understand in human form of life. Prema pumartho mahan.
 
There are other necessities for those who are not devotees. Those necessities are dharma artha kama moksa [SB 4.8.41, Cc. Adi 1.90]. Generally, in the material world everyone has necessity of gratifying his senses. So sometimes, under the cover of religiosity, they want to satisfy senses. The same thing... Just like one goes to church or temple to mitigate some material necessities. Just like the Christians go to the church for meeting the problems of bread; similarly, the Hindus or the Muslim, everyone goes to church, temple or mosque to pray something material: "God, I am very distressed. Kindly get me relief from this distressed condition." Or "God, I am in need of money, I am very poor. Kindly give me some money." Or any other, "I am now implicated in war." Just like Churchill, he introduced that everyone should go and pray for victory. So England was also praying for victory, and Germany was also praying for victory. So (chuckles) God is perplexed. (laughter) The thief is praying to God that "This night, I may steal without any hindrances." And the householder is praying, "My Lord, thief may not come here and steal my goods." And God has to adjust everything. So just imagine how much busy is God. There are millions and trillions of living entities. Each one of them, if they are at all interested in God -- not all -- so they are praying. Everyone is praying, "God, give me this benediction. Give me this benediction." So this is not pure devotional service. For some material profit, one should not become a religious person or devotee of God. Of course, it is better than the person who is not at all interested in God. That is stated in the Bhagavad-gita, catur-vidha bhajante mam sukrtinah arjuna. Unless one is pious, he cannot approach God.

So one should be pious and without any motive, not only pious. Pious is the first condition, who can approach God; otherwise he does not. Na mam duskrtino mudhah prapadyante naradhamah [Bg. 7.15]. These classes of men, duskrtina, miscreants, always committing sinful activities, duskrtina; and mudha, rascals, fools; and naradhamah, lowest of the mankind; mayayapahrta-jnana, whose knowledge has been taken away by maya -- such demonic person do not surrender to God. But pious man who has got background, pious activities, such person, when they are distressed, they approach God. They know that God is friend of all living entities. Suhrdam sarva-bhutanam [Bg. 5.29]. Actually, He is the friend. As friend, He is living with the soul as Supersoul. That is stated in the Vedas, that two birds are sitting on the same tree. The tree, this is the tree. This body is tree, and one bird is the individual soul, and the other bird is the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Supersoul. So God is always accompanying the individual soul to turn him back to home, back to Godhead. He is so nice friend. Suhrdam sarva-bhutanam. So if we want peace, then we should understand that "Here is my friend, the supreme friend." Suhrdam sarva-bhutanam. "He is guiding me. So why I am praying to Him for some benefit? He knows my necessities. He will supply if it is required. Why shall I bother Him with prayers granting something, 'Please give me this, give me this'?" There is no necessity. God is omniscient. He knows. And He says in the Bhagavad-gita that "I know the necessities of My devotee, and I supply them." Yoga-ksemam vahamy aham [Bg. 9.22]. Two things are there: one thing, to possess something which we do not have; and we want to protect what we have got. So Krsna says, "Both the things... I give protection of My devotee, whatever he has got, and I supply him whatever he hasn't got." Yoga-ksemam vahamy aham [Bg. 9.22]. He is supplying everyone, but especially to the devotees. That is his special job.

Here Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu is very, very magnanimous. He is, without asking, He is offering the best benefit, Krsna-prema. So best objective... Our objective, of life should be to understand God. If we, in this life, if we simply understand what is God and what is my relationship with, and begin to act like that, then also our life is successful. Even if we cannot finish the whole job or we fall down from the platform of devotional service, still, we are not loser. Tyaktva sva-dharmam caranambujam harer patet tato yadi bhajann apakvah atha [SB 1.5.17]. This devotional service is the process. Requires some time to fulfill the whole job and become perfect. But even becoming..., before becoming perfect, one falls down, he is not loser. The service is so transcendental that whatever you have done, that is your asset. And if you stop, so that is not good, but even if you stop, whatever you have done already, that is your permanent asset. This is the benefit of devotional service. Material thing, if you cannot do it perfectly well, whatever you have done, that is all lost. But in spiritual, whatever you have done, one percent, two percent, three percent, as you have done, that is not lost. Therefore the sastra says that those who are not devotees, what is their profit? Even they are doing their duties very nicely, what is the profit? Because he remains under the stringent laws of nature. Suppose this life I have done my duty as a politician very nicely, but the next life I become a dog. Then what is the benefit? What is the benefit? To become next life as a dog or god, that will not depend on you; that will depend on the nature. Prakrteh kriyamanani gunaih karmani sarvasah [Bg. 3.27]. It is being automatically done. Two plus two equal to four. Similarly, whatever we are doing, we are preparing for the next life. Karmana. Simply material nature has to give you a post: "Now you have done like this. Take this post." You cannot deny. You cannot say, "No, no, I don't like this post." No, you have to take it. So for the karmis, even they have done their so-called duties very perfectly well, what is the profit? There is no profit, because we are under the control of material nature. But the devotees, whatever little service they have done, that is permanent asset. That is not controlled by nature. That is controlled by God.

And He says in the Bhagavad-gita, yoga-bhrastah sanjayate. Sucinam srimatam gehe yoga-bhrastah sanjayate [Bg. 6.41]. Bhrastah means one who is fallen from this devotional service. So for them also, it is guaranteed a human life. Not only human life, but in very good family. Sucinam srimatam gehe. Sucinam means by perfectly well behaved, cleansed family, brahmana family. Sucinam. Suci means very clean. So you are becoming all brahmanas. You must remain always very clean. Sucinam, that is called suci. And muci means unclean, cobbler. Suci and muci. So don't become muci. (laughter) Yes. Uncleanliness is muci, cobbler. They are dealing always with skin, and bad smell, and no bathing. So in our country, muci, the cobbler, is taken as the lowest of the mankind, naradhamah, because their business is when the cow dies, so the mucis are prepared to take away the dead cow or bull. They eat the flesh, and they take out the skin and the bones for their business. Muci prepare shoes. He gets the skin for nothing, without any payment. He doesn't have to invest his capital, and he nicely cleanses it, tans, and then prepares shoes and sell in the market. So get the money. And the muci class, they eat this flesh, meat. But they are given the opportunity when the cow is dead, not by slaughterhouse. That is not in the Vedic scripture. The dead animal, you can eat. Those who are fond of eating fish and meat, they can eat when the animal is dead. Not killing. That is not very good thing. So the muci class, their business is to take the dead... After all, everyone will die. The animal will die also. Even if we keep the cows, don't kill, it will die. So some cow is dying here, some cow is dying there. Just like the vulture, they eat dead body. So dead body must be there. So they have no scarcity of dead bodies. They can find out dead body. They go three miles above to find out where is the dead body. So that is also sense gratification. So in this way there are classes, suci and muci. Suci is the first-class, cleansed internally and externally human being, and the muci means the low class, very unclean, eating the dead meat, cows and bulls. So Krsna says, "Even one is fallen, he gets his birth in the family of suci." Sucinam. Just like in our society there are small children. You see their behavior. They are coming, offering flower, offering obeisances. That means they are not ordinary children. They have got the opportunity to take birth in the family of Vaisnava, father Vaisnava, mother Vaisnava. And he is getting the opportunity of Krsna consciousness from the very beginning of life. This is called sucinam srimatam gehe [Bg. 6.41].

So if one is fallen from devotional service, he is offered again the opportunity to take birth in the human society. And not only ordinary human being, but devotee, very cleansed, or, next to that, very rich family. These are the two opportunities for the fallen devotees, and what to speak of those who are not fallen. Just imagine. Those who are not fallen, they go directly. Tyaktva deham punar janma naiti mam eti [Bg. 4.9]. Immediately they are transferred to the spiritual world after giving up this body. And those who are fallen, they are not immediately transferred, but they are given the chance again for developing Krsna consciousness and being transferred, transferred to the spiritual world, because one who takes birth in the family of Vaisnava and pure brahmana, he gets the chance again. Just like these children are getting chance again -- deity worship, offering to the Vaisnava obeisances, offering some flower, dancing, chanting. He is again getting the opportunity. Although he was fallen in his last birth, that fallen is not so serious. He has got again human body, and he has got chance to be associate with this Krsna consciousness movement. And rich man. Rich man means... Everyone is embarrassed with the maintenance of body. So if one is not embarrassed... To take birth in rich family means he has nothing to think of maintenance. Just like one of our devotee, Mr. Alfred Ford, he is the great-grandson of Mr. Henry Ford. He has given us one big house in Honolulu. The boy came to see me, very nice boy. So this is srimatam gehe, born in rich family, and he has got the opportunity to give something for the service of the Lord. So either you are born in rich family or in poor Vaisnava family, you are not loser. So we should take to Krsna consciousness and try to introduce it very nicely, and even though we fall, there is no loss. The human life is guaranteed and in very good family. That is stated in the Bhagavad-gita.

So here it is said, hinarthadhika-sadhakam sri-caitanyam. [break] Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu is very kind to the fallen souls. His special mission is to reclaim the fallen souls. That is Caitanya Mahaprabhu's mission. Reclaim the fallen souls means in this age of Kali, almost 99.9%, they are all fallen. Their qualification is mandah. Mandah means they do not know that the human life is meant for qualifying oneself in Krsna consciousness, spiritual consciousness. They do not know. Mandah sumanda-matayo [SB 1.1.10]. Even one is interested about spiritual consciousness, they accept some bogus theory. So many yogis, swamis, all bluffer, they will take care. Mandah sumanda-matayo. Because Kali-yuga, they are already sophisticated, bewildered, and these people come to cheat, they fall the prey of these cheaters. Sumanda-matayo. Anyone who is preaching something else other than God consciousness, he is a cheater. He is a cheater. Sumanda-matayo. Because real progress of life is to become God conscious. That is the real progress. And without God consciousness, the so-called yogis, so-called meditation... What is this meditation? What is the profit? Simply some bogus propaganda. It has no value. Real progress of life is to know what is God and what is my relationship with Him and how to act in that relationship. That is real life. But they do not know it. Na te viduh svartha-gatim hi visnum [SB 7.5.31]. They do not know it. They think, "By this yoga practice, I shall be perfect, my material condition will be improved," and so on, so on. They have got their own theories and... But that is not progress of life. There are many rich men, many karmis. Without practicing yoga, they are having material comforts. So spiritual life does not mean that one is improved in material, conditioned life. Spiritual life means spiritual advancement. But people take it that "Take to religion means to give impetus to our material life." Dharma artha kama moksa [SB 4.8.41, Cc. Adi 1.90]. And when they are disgusted, they want moksa. Moksa means to become one with the Lord. So these things are going on. But Caitanya Mahaprabhu came to save all these fallen souls. Hinartha. Hinarthadhika-sadhakam. The more one is fallen, he is the better candidate for accepting the cult of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. Narottama dasa Thakura sings, patita-pavana-hetu, tava avatara: "My Lord, You have incarnated to reclaim the fallen." Patita-pavana-hetu tava avatara, mo sama patita prabhu, na paibe ara: "If that is Your mission, then I am the most fallen. So my claim is first to receive Your favor because Your mission is to show favor to the fallen. So I am the most fallen. So kindly accept me." In this way he has sung. And that is stated here, hinarthadhika-sadhakam sri-caitanyam.

So (reading:) "A person in the conditional stage of material existence is in an atmosphere of helplessness. But the conditioned soul, under the illusion of maya or the external energy, thinks that he is completely protected by his country, society, friendship and love, not knowing that at the time of death none of these can save him." This is called maya. But he does not believe. Under the illusion of maya, he does not also believe that what is the meaning of saving. Saving. Saving means saving oneself from this repetition, cycle of birth and death. That is real saving. But they do not know. (reading:) "The laws of material nature are so strong that none of our material possessions can save us from the cruel hands of death." Everyone knows it. And that is our real problem. Who is not afraid of death? Everyone is afraid of death. Why? Because any living entity, he is not meant for dying. He is eternal; therefore birth, death, old age and disease, these things are botheration for him. Because he is eternal, he does not take birth, na jayate, and one who does not take birth, he has no death also, na mriyate kadacit. This is our actual position. Therefore we are afraid of death. That is our natural inclination.

So to save us from death... That is the first business of humankind. We are teaching this Krsna consciousness movement for this purpose only. That should be the purpose of everyone. That is the sastric injunction. Those who are guardians... The government, the father, the teacher, they are guardians of the children. They should know it, how to give protection to the world's... Na mocayed yah samupeta mrtyum. So where is this philosophy all, over the world? There is no such philosophy. This is the only, Krsna consciousness movement, which is putting forward this philosophy, not whimsically but from authorized sastra, Vedic literature, authorities. So that is our request. We are opening different centers all over the world for the benefit of the human society that they do not know the aim of life, they do not know that there is next life after death. These things they do not know. So we are trying to educate them that "There is next life undoubtedly, and you can prepare your next life in this life. You can go to the higher planetary system for better comfort, material comfort. You can remain here in a secure position." Secure means this material life. Just like it is said,

yanti deva-vrata devan
pitrn yanti pitr-vratah
bhutani yanti bhutejya
mad-yajino 'pi yanti mam
 [Bg. 9.25]

So you can prepare yourself for better life in the heavenly planets or in a better society in this world or to go to the planets where ghost and other wretches are controlling. Or you can go to the planet where Krsna is there. Everything is open to you. Yanti bhutejya bhutani mad-yajino 'pi yanti mam. Simply you have to prepare yourself. Just like in youth life they are educated -- somebody is going to be engineer, somebody is going to be medical man, somebody is going to be lawyer and many other professional man -- and they are preparing by education, similarly, you can prepare for your next life. This is not difficult to understand.

But they do not believe in the next life, although it is very common sense. Actually there is next life because Krsna says, and we can understand the philosophy by a little intelligence that there is next life. So our proposition is that "If you have got to prepare yourself for the next life, then why don't you take the trouble of preparing for going back to home, back to Godhead?" This is our proposition. You can prepare yourself to go to hell or heaven. That doesn't matter because that is also temporary. Ksine punye punar martya-lokam visanti. After you have finished... Just like you may go to jail or to somewhere else. When your visa or time is finished, then you are free from such life. Similarly, even if we go to the heavenly planet, when the resultant action of our pious activities are finished, then again we are turned down here. So in this way sometimes higher planetary, sometimes lower planetary, we are traveling. Therefore our best business is: "Why not go back to home, back to Godhead?" Krsna says, mad-yajino 'pi yanti mam: [Bg. 9.25] "Anyone who is Krsna conscious, he comes to Me." So why not go to Krsna? Then the question will be: "What is the benefit of going to Krsnaloka? What is the difference between going to heavenly planet or any other planet and going to Krsna?" The difference is, any planet go, you are under the four material regulation, janma-mrtyu-jara-vyadhi: [Bg. 13.9] birth, death, old age and disease. But if you go to Krsna... Yad gatva na nivartante tad dhama paramam mama [Bg. 15.6]. If you go to Krsna, then you don't get any more chance to come down and take a material body. You can live there eternally blissful life of knowledge. That is the difference.

So any intelligent man should take to Krsna consciousness, cultivate the Krsna conscious business and go back to home, back to Godhead, for eternal life. This mission we are preaching all over the world because Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu wanted it. Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu wanted to deliver the fallen souls from the clutches of maya and take them back to home, back to Godhead. As Krsna came, He also... His mission was this. Bahavo jnana-tapasa puta mad-bhavam adigacchati. Yad gatva na nivartante tad dhama [Bg. 15.6]. He is also giving information, "You come to Me. Live there eternally, with bliss and knowledge. Why you are rotting in this material world?" So Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu has come with the same mission. His mission is not different from Krsna because He is Krsna Himself. So His mission is to offer prema, bhakti. Prema-bhakti-vadanyata. That is His magnanimity. Sri Krsna did not offer prema. That is also prema, the preliminary condition. He said surrender. Surrender means beginning of prema. Unless I have got love for you, why shall I surrender to you? So that is the beginning of love, surrender. So He demanded so much. But Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu is so kind and magnanimous that in course of His chanting and dancing, He embraced everyone and gave him Krsna-prema. That is Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's magnanimity. Therefore Srila Rupa Gosvami has offered his prayer to Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, namo maha-vadanyaya krsna-prema-pradaya te: [Cc. Madhya 19.53] "People cannot understand Krsna, and You are giving love of Krsna." If you don't know anybody, how you can develop love for him? So just imagine how much magnanimous is Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu. He is giving such a nice process, that chant Hare Krsna, be purified -- immediately you become free from this material bondage and begin your loving service to Krsna. This is Caitanya Mahaprabhu's gift.

So therefore the author is writing that... (end)
 
>>> Ref. VedaBase => Sri Caitanya-caritamrta, Adi-lila 7.1 -- Atlanta, March 1, 1975

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