"Working of Universal Machinery"Take a test
Nitai: "By the interaction of fire and the visual sensation, the subtle element taste evolves under a superior arrangement. From taste, water is produced, and the tongue, which perceives taste, is also manifested."
rasa-matram abhut tasmad
ambho jihva rasa-grahah
How water is manufactured, that is explained here. The modern scientists, they speak of manufacturing water by combination of two gases: hydrogen, oxygen. May be true to certain extent. But from Vedic literature we understand that by the interaction of form and touch through the agency of fire maybe there is perspiration. Just like when our body becomes too much heated, there is perspiration, the water comes out, similarly, the same process we get the water, ambu. And as soon as there is water there is jihva, the sense of touch, rasa-graha, which can taste. Jihva is meant for tasting. So this is the way of physical manifestation of different ways. But on the background there is daiva-codita. Everything is coming into existence on account of superior management or superior impelling. That is the main proposition, that mayadhyaksena prakrtih [Bg. 9.10]. These things we..., physical transformation, different ways, we experience. That is the phenomenal world. But these things are taking place not automatically but daiva-coditat, by superior intervention, impelled by the superior Personality of Godhead.
So as we explained last night, every action and reaction is being completed by the superior person, Krsna. But He has got so multi-energies that He does not require... Just like we have to see so many things personally. Just like in this management of our institution sometimes we have to take personal care: "How this is being managed?" Because we have to see there may not be any discrepancies in the service of the Lord. That is our duty. But entirely, if we depend on Krsna, things will go on. But we have to depend in that way. He has got such fine machinery. The first thing is that He is seated in everyone's heart. Sarvasya caham hrdi sannivistah [Bg. 15.15]. So He can give instruction to perform the respective duties -- but provided there is another thing, personal consideration. The chance is given to the personal living being to take this chance but not misuse your little independence. Chance is given everyone. And Krsna's another business is: He does not interfere with the little independence given to the living being. So he must voluntarily surrender his little independence. Does not..., Krsna does not force; Krsna desires, He orders, that "You do this." Sarva-dharman parityajya mam ekam saranam vraja [Bg. 18.66]. But He does not interfere with the little independence. That is Krsna's mercy, how He can do that. Krsna is not like us, that I give you something and again I ask you to return it. No. Whatever Krsna has given to us, that is permanent.
So He has given us little independence because we are part and parcel of Krsna. Krsna is fully independent. He does not depend on anyone. But although we have got independence to a certain extent, but under the control of maya. In the spiritual life there is also maya. That is called yoga-maya. And in the material life there is also maya. That is called maha-maya, Durga. So we, being very little... Just like small children. He is given either to the mother for taking care or to the nurse for taking care. The little child must be taken care of, either by the mother or an appointed nurse, maidservant. Similarly, we being very tiny, small, fragmental, atomic part and parcel of Krsna, although we have got all the ingredients of Krsna, still, we require protection. Just like the child and the father. The child possesses all the chemical composition of the father's body. Even if the father is diseased, the child inherits the disease also. This is a fact. Similarly, we have got all the ingredients or qualities of God in us. But in many..., in very, very small fragmental portions. Therefore, although we have got Krsna's qualities, still, we sometimes fall down. Because is very, very minute, fragmental, there is chance of being covered by something else.
So we require protection. Therefore, mahatmanas tu mam partha daivim prakrtim asritah [Bg. 9.13]. The mahatma, they are also given protection by daivi-prakrti, Krsna's maya. Therefore we chant "Hare Krsna," not alone "Krsna." Hara is Krsna's energy, so we first of all take the shelter of Krsna's energy, daivi-maya, Radharani. In Vrndavana they chant "Radha-Krsna," "Jaya Radhe." The general addressing is "Radhe," like that. So to take shelter of the daivi-maya... Mahatmanas tu mam partha daivim prakrtim asritah [Bg. 9.13]. If we take shelter of the daivi-maya, Radharani, then She will give us intelligence in such a way that we can take shelter of Krsna perfectly. So daivi-maya asritah, as soon as we become under the shelter of daivi-maya, then our business becomes bhajanty ananya-manasah, simply serving Krsna, no other business. And in the material world so long we are under the protection of maha-maya we have got many things to serve. Bahu-sakha hy anantas ca buddhayo 'vyavasayinam. When we are under the care of daivi-maya, then our only business is to serve Krsna. That is our original constitutional position, Krsna-dasa. As we have several times given this example, the part and parcel of my body, the finger, it is always serving the whole body according to the order, similarly, as part and parcel of God, Krsna, our only business is to serve Him. Whatever we have got in possession...
Now it is explained by Kapiladeva, how things are developing, everything. This evening we were discussing. Here it is said that jihva ambhah. They are coming out by interaction of touch sensation, the fire. In this way everything is emanating. Janmady asya yatah [SB 1.1.1]. The original source is Krsna. Aham sarvasya prabhavo mattah sarvam pravartate [Bg. 10.8]. This is the real science. Everything is coming from Him. So whatever we possess, the physical transformation, the gross body and the subtle mind, intelligence, everything is produced from the original source, Krsna. So same thing, when it is utilized by clear understanding, that "Everything is emanation from Krsna. Everything belongs to Krsna. So let us utilize it for Krsna's service," then we are situated in the daivi-maya. Mahatmanas tu mam partha daivim prakrtim asritah [Bg. 9.13]. This is daivi-prakrti. And the result is bhajanty ananya-manasah: "Without any deviation they are engaged, the devotees are engaged, in Krsna's service." That is the perfection of life. And in this life, so long we are in material condition, we are practicing how to be engaged in Krsna's service twenty-four hours. And when it is perfection... Tatah, tattvato jnatva.
Krsna says in the Bhagavad-gita that bhaktya mam abhijanati [Bg. 18.55]. If you want to understand Krsna or if anyone wants to understand Krsna perfectly, tattvatah, in truth, then he has to understand it through bhakti, not any other process, although there are many other processes, different ways. Some so-called philosophers, they say that "We can adopt any process. It leads to the same goal." That's all right, provided you make progress. Then you'll reach to the same goal. But if you become stuck up with the process only, you do not make progress, then it does not lead to the same goal. Just like one staircase going to the fourth floor. So you cross, say, twenty-five steps. You are in a certain position. If you cross fifty steps, you are in a certain position. If you cross sixty steps... In this way, the final may be hundred steps. So unless you go to the hundredth step, the final position is not attained, although it is leading to the same goal. Therefore we have to make progress. From karma-kanda we have to learn what is the actual position of karma-kanda, why we are engaged in karma-kanda. That is called jnana. Then, coming to the jnana-kanda, then you come to the upasana-kanda. Then upasana-kanda, when you reach the highest, topmost upasana... Upasananam sarvesam visnor aradhanam param. When you become Vaisnava, when you worship Krsna, Visnu, that is the perfectional stage.
So mama vartmanuvartante manusyah partha sarvasah. Everyone is going to the same goal, but he has to make further progress. Don't think, "By karma-kanda we have come to the final stage," or "By jnana-kanda, we can, we have come to the final stage," or "By upasana-kanda, by worshiping demigods, we have come to the final stage." No. The final stage, you can come directly by bhakti, the topmost upasana. Therefore Krsna says directly, bhaktya mam abhijanati yavan yas casmi tattvatah [Bg. 18.55]. So bhakti process is sravanam beginning. Sravanam kirtanam visnoh [SB 7.5.23]. So we have to hear these subject matters described in Bhagavad-gita and Srimad-Bhagavatam. Then we will understand how Krsna is conducting this phenomenal world. That you have to learn by hearing. Why this Bhagavatam is there? For... Yad vaisnavanam priyah. The Vaisnava will enjoy, will learn from Srimad-Bhagavatam how Krsna is working in everything. That will enlighten the devotee that how Krsna is great, by His different energies how He is working in every field of activities. Na tasya karyam karanam ca vidyate. He is present here, Krsna. He has nothing to do. Na tasya karyam karanam ca vidyate. Everything is ready. Either automatically or in order to accept service from the devotee, He is assuming that "I am dependent on you. If you dress Me, then I can be dressed." But actually that is not the fact. He is dressing Himself by giving you intelligence. Buddhi-yogam dadami tam yena mam upayanti te. Those who are desirous to serve Him, then Krsna gives him intelligence how to serve Him. He does not depend on your service. He's quite self-sufficient. But He assumes that "I am a statue of stone. I cannot dress Myself. Please dress Me." This is Krsna's mercy, to give you chance. He does not depend on you. Na tasya kar... There are many energies. Krsna is worshiped by many, many goddess of fortune. Laksmi-sahasra-sata-sambhrama-sevyamanam [Bs. 5.29]. So He doesn't require our service. But He agrees. He is so kind that He agrees to come here to accept our service. Therefore we must be very careful, that "Krsna has kindly consented to come here to accept our service. Now we may not do something which is not satisfactory to Him." That is devotion. That is Krsna consciousness. Always full of veneration. Don't think that "Here is a statue." Here is Krsna.
So Krsna is ready to accept our service in so many ways. Either if you cannot establish Deity, then you simply hear about Him. That is the most important thing. We do not require to establish temple everywhere. If there is possible to establish temple and serve Krsna properly according to the regulation mentioned in the sastras or instructed by the spiritual master, that is called vaidhi-bhakti. Vaidhi-bhakti. Vaidhi-bhakti means discharging devotional service under regulative principles. So without vaidhi-bhakti, you cannot jump to the raga-bhakti. Raga-bhakti is spontaneous. That does not require any regulative principles. Out of love, out of feeling anyone wants to serve Krsna. That is called..., that is gopis. All the inhabitants of Vrndavana, they did not undergo any regulative principles. But spontaneously, they are always ready to serve God, Krsna. That is called raga-bhakti. Just like to... The example... There are examples. Just like a mother, as soon as there is child, baby, she takes care. She takes care. Although she does not go to a school how to take care of a child, but automatically. Automatically she takes care. Similarly, this automatically serving Krsna, that is called raga-bhakti. That is reached by vaidhi-bhakti, by practicing. Just like formerly there was marriage, child marriage -- a small boy, a small girl. But simply by association the girl understands how to serve the husband and the husband also understand how to give protection to the wife, and mostly, the life was very pleasing, happy. From the very beginning she knows, "Here is my husband," and he knows, "Here is my wife." At least we have seen in our India. There is no question of separation. There is no question of divorce. The love is there from the very beginning. The propensity was there and immediately the object of love is there. A girl has got husband; a husband has got a wife. So the love continues spontaneously.
So from the very beginning of our life we should try to understand Krsna consciousness, love Krsna. Then automatically it becomes manifest. That is the instruction of Prahlada Maharaja. Kaumara acaret prajno dharman bhagavatan iha [SB 7.6.1]. Kaumara. Kaumara means up to tenth year, five to tenth year. According to somebody, even up to fifteenth year. Anyway, during this period of life one should learn how to develop this devotional cult, dharman bhagavatan. Dharma means the laws and the instruction given by God. Dharmam tu saksad bhagavat-pranitam [SB 6.3.19]. And when that is actually executed directly between, transaction between God and the devotee, that is real dharma. Dharman bhagavatan. They have different types of dharmas, but real dharma is bhagavata-dharma, what we learn from Srimad-Bhagavatam, to deal with the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Bhagavan. That is called bhagavatan. So children should be instructed from the very beginning of their life this bhagavata-dharma. We are attempting to do that in our Krsna consciousness movement. We have got an institution, Gurukula, at Dallas, Texas, and they are learning very nicely. Just like this child. From the very beginning he is learning bhagavata-dharma. He is offering obeisances, he is chanting, he is dancing, he is offering a flower to the spiritual master, and he is offering to the Vaisnavas. In his childish way, while playing, he is becoming accustomed to dharman bhagavatan. This is really, really human civilization, from the very beginning of life. Because if we want, we can learn like cats and dog, jumping and eating and sleeping and mating. No. That is not the business of the human life.
Prahlada Maharaja therefore says, kaumara acaret prajno dharman bhagavatan iha [SB 7.6.1]. "Why? Why bhagavata-dharma so important that I have to learn from the beginning of my life?" Now, durlabham manusam janma tad apy adhruvam arthadam: "This human life is very rarely obtained, durlabham." Dur means "very difficult." After many, many births, bahunam janmanam ante [Bg. 7.19], this human form, after evolution, we have got. Durlabham, with great difficulty we have got it. That, why it is important? Now it is arthadam. Arthadam. Artha means meaningful or riches or something wealth. Arthadam, you can achieve arthadam. So that arthadam, although adhruvam... You can say, "What is the difference between human life and dog's life? They are all temporary. Why you are giving so much stress on human life, the same business: eating, sleeping, sex life, and defense? So why you are giving more importance to the human life?" Now, arthadam. Yad apy adhruvam, nonpermanent, it is arthadam. Arthadam means to achieve the goal of your life. So we should not misuse it. We should teach our children to become bhagavatam, person bhagavatam, by reading Srimad-Bhagavatam.
So we are teaching from the very beginning Bhagavad-gita and Srimad-Bhagavatam, and they are learning. That is the way. If you simply learn Srimad-Bhagavatam, you get so much knowledge how things are developing, how tongue is developing, how the taste is developing, how touch is developing, how fire is working, how heat is working; from the interaction of heat and touch, how things are devel... Everything is explained there. Physical and spiritual, everything is there. So this is bhagavata-dharma, to study Srimad-Bhagavatam very carefully. Everything is... Every knowledge is there. Kim va parair isvarah. There is no need of reading any other book. Kim va paraih, in the beginning it is said. Why? Sadyo hrdy avarudhyate isvarah. The perfection of life is to understand God. So by reading Srimad-Bhagavatam, sadyah, immediately, hrdy avarudhyate isvarah: "The Supreme Personality of Godhead, by simply reading Bhagavatam... He is already there, but immediately He is realized." That is perfection of life.
So Bhagavata is so powerful that nityam bhagavata-sevaya: we have to read Srimad-Bhagavatam daily and twenty-four hours. That is the injunction: nityam. Nityam means always. So our members especially, I mean to say, those who are inmates, they, and those who are becoming members, ordinary member or patron member, we are giving them books. Please read them carefully. Don't take books that "I am member. It is my duty to take books and keep it in the almirah." No. Read it thoroughly. Nityam bhagavata-sevaya. By regular reading of Srimad-Bhagavatam, then our this material contamination becomes vanquished. Nasta-prayesu. Nasta-prayesv abhadresu nityam bhagavata-sevaya [SB 1.2.18]. As soon as it begins to diminish, then it will diminish finally, and then you will be situated in your pure, original constitutional position, Krsna consciousness. Bhakti-yogatah. Evam prasanna-manaso bhagavad-bhakti-yogatah [SB 1.2.20]. By cleansing the heart we become prasanna-manasah, very jubilant. Bhagavad-bhakti-yogatah. Therefore this bhagavata-dharma should be practiced from the very beginning of life, and it should be studied. We have got so many books. One can read... Whatever already we have got, books, one can read for fifty years continually and get new enlightenment one after another.
So bhagavata means the complete knowledge. Bhagavata, from bhagavan it is called bhagavata. From bhagavat-sabda it is called bhagavata. So in the association of bhagavata, devotees, if we read Srimad-Bhagavatam... Sajatiya snigdhasya. Sajatiya means people thinking in the same way. So that means devotees who are interested in bhagavad-bhakti, to understand Bhagavan, they should read Srimad-Bhagavatam in the association. We should have regular classes. Just like school and colleges, eight hour, six hour. Be engaged always in reading Srimad-Bhagavatam, discussing amongst yourself. Then you'll make progress. Otherwise, if you take it as an official routine work... You should take as routine work, but with consciousness that "We have to learn something," not simply attending the class, but to learn something. In this way make your life successful. Because after all, everything is being done, daiva-coditat, impelled by the Supreme Person. The Supreme Person is behind everything. So in the association of devotees, if we read Srimad-Bhagavatam regularly, then your, our, material contamination will be dissolved, and our spiritual consciousness will come out, and that will make our life successful.
Thank you very much. (end)
>>> Ref. VedaBase => Srimad-Bhagavatam 3.26.41 -- Bombay, January 16, 1975